En 1797, US Navy frigate Constitution Old Ironsides launched in Boston
En 1805, Battle of Trafalgar Adm Nelson defeats French & Spanish fleet
En 1868, Severe earthquake at 7:53 a.m. centered in Hayward Calif.
En 1869, 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
En 1879, Thomas Edison perfects the light bulb.
En 1897, Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago is dedicated.
En 1918, Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min.
En 1923, Deutsches Museum Munich 1st Walther Bauersfeld's Zeiss Planetarium.
En 1944, During WWII US troops captured Aachen 1st large German city to fall
En 1945, Women in France allowed to vote for the 1st time
En 1948, Facsimile high-speed radio transmission demonstrated Washington DC
En 1959, Guggenheim Museum designed by Frank Lloyd Wright opens in NY
En 1960, JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final pres debate
En 1967, Ejnar Hertzsprung Danish astrophysicist dies at 94.
En 1967, Thousands opposing Vietnam War tried to storm the Pentagon
En 1971, Nixon nominates Lewis F. Powell & William H. Rehnquist to US Supreme Court following resignations of Justices Hugo Black & John Harlan
En 1974, 1st Islander shut-out opponent - Billy Smith 5-0 vs Caps
En 1975, Venera 9 1st craft to orbit the planet Venus launched
En 1976, Saul Bellow wins Nobel Prize for Literature
En 1977, US recalls William Bowdler ambassador to South Africa
En 1984, Steve Jones runs Chicago Marathon in world record 2 h 8 m 5 s.
1772, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in England, poet
1833, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, Stockholm, created dynamite & Peace Prizes
1912, Sir Georg Solti, conductor
1914, Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
1917, Dizzy Gillespie, trumpeter, a creator of modern jazz
1928, Whitey Ford, NY Yankee pitcher
1933, Georgia Brown
1940, Manfred Mann, rocker
1945, Kathy Young
1953, Charlotte Caffey, (GoGos)
1956, Carrie Fisher, in Beverly Hills - Star Wars' Princess Lelia
1971, Jade Jagger, daughter of Mick Jagger